||Units, system of units. Physical fields. Reference frames.
||Particle kinematics (rectilinear motion, circular motion, motion in three dimensions).
||Newton´s laws, inertial
and non-inertial reference frames, equations of motion in inertial and
non-inertial reference frames.
||Work, power, conservative fields, kinetic and potential energy. Conservation of mechanical energy law.
||Foundations of analytical
mechanics - conservation laws, constraints, generalized coordinates,
Lagrangian, Lagrange's equations of the 2nd order for conservative
systems. Hamiltonian, Hamilton's canonical equations.
||Central forces, motion in
the field of central force. Kepler´s laws,
Newton´s law of universal gravitation, gravitational field
of the system of n particles and extended bodies. Gravitational field
intensity, potential and energy.
systems. Simple harmonic motion damped and forced oscillations.
Resonance of displacement and velocity. Combination of oscillatory
||System of n-particles,
isolated and non-isolated systems, conservation of linear and angular
momentum laws. Conservation of mechanical energy law for the system of
n-particles. Center of mass and center of gravity. Rigid bodies,
general motion, equations of motion, rotation of the rigid body with
respect to the fixed axis and to the fixed point
||Elasticity, stress, Hooke´s law.
||Introduction to the
mechanics of fluids - Eulerís equation, barometric formulae,
Bernoulli´s equation, Pascal´s and Archimedes
||Fundamentals of theory of relativity, Lorentz transformation, relativistic kinematics and dynamics.
Coulomb´s law, electric field intensity and potential of the
system of point charges and continuously distributed charges.
Gauss´ law, Maxwell´s equations for the electrostatic
field in vacuum. Electric dipole, polarization and electric
displacement vector, dielectrics in electric field.
Maxwell´s equations for real-world materials. Conductor in
electric field, Faraday´s cage. Capacitance, capacitor.
Energy of the electrostatic field.
current, current density, conservation of an electric charge law,
electromotive force, junction rule and loop theorem.
Ohm´s law, Joule´s law. Magnetostatic field.
Lorentz force, Ampere´s and Biot-Savart´s law.
Magnetic dipole moment, magnetization, magnetic field strength. Current
carrying conductor in magnetic field. Magnetic properties of matter.
Energy of the magnetostatic field
energy of the electromagnetic field. Displacement current.
Electromagnetic waves, wave equation, propagation of electromagnetic